Pavol Rusnak #cypherpunk #hacker #openhw #privacy #bitcoin #newmediaart

LinuxExpo 2009

On Wednesday I attended the biggest Linux event in the Czech Republic called LinuxExpo (more particularly its first day). I also took some photos for your viewing pleasure :) Comments for each photo are under the enlarged versions shown after clicking on the thumbnails.

a.m.

le09_dsc_0092 le09_dsc_0126 le09_dsc_0128 le09_dsc_0120 le09_dsc_0094 le09_dsc_0091 le09_dsc_0143 le09_dsc_0110 le09_dsc_0089 le09_dsc_0090

contest

le09_dsc_0119 le09_dsc_0096 le09_dsc_0100 le09_dsc_0104 le09_dsc_0125

lunch

le09_dsc_0140 le09_dsc_0130 le09_dsc_0135 le09_dsc_0136 le09_dsc_0137 le09_dsc_0138

p.m.

le09_dsc_0148 le09_dsc_0147 le09_dsc_0146 le09_dsc_0145

Update: Bubli has written a commentary about the day 2.

The Ugly Duckling called $XDG_CONFIG_HOME

Let’s take a look into my home directory:

[stick@spectra 0 ~] ls -F
Applications/  Documents/  google.txt    reverse-ssh*
Desktop/       Downloads/  public_html/  work/

[stick@spectra 0 ~] ls -AF
.0verkill             google.txt              public_html/
.adobe/               .grails/                .pulse/
.android/             .gstreamer-0.10/        .pulse-cookie
Applications/         .gtk-bookmarks          .pyhistory
.AtomicWorm/          .gtkrc-2.0-kde4         .qt/
.bash_history         .gvfs/                  .rawstudio/
.bashrc               .hplip/                 .recently-used
.bouml                .htoprc                 .recently-used.xbel
.boumlrc              .hugin                  .repoconfig/
.bzr.log              .icedteaplugin/         reverse-ssh*
.cache/               .inkscape/              .rnd
.cddb/                .inputrc                .rpmpatch_macros
.cedega/              .IntelliJIdea80/        .rpmpatch_rpmrc
.civclientrc          .IntelliJIdea8x/        .scummvmrc
.civserver_history    .irssi/                 .signature-gk2
.config/              .java/                  .signature-gmail
.crack-attack/        .JxBrowser/             .signature-suse
.cxgames/             .kde/                   .skel/
.darkplaces/          .kde4/                  .Skype/
.dbus/                .kderc                  .smc/
.designer/            .kinorc                 .springrc
Desktop/              .ktorrent.lock          .sqlite_history
.directory            .lbrc.conf              .ssh/
.dmrc                 .lesshst                .strigi/
Documents/            .links/                 .subversion/
Downloads/            .liquidwarrc            .teeworlds/
.dvdcss/              .local/                 .thumbnails/
.eclipse/             .loki/                  .thunderbird/
.emacs                .macromedia/            .ufrawrc
.esd_auth             .mc/                    .ultramixer/
.fbhighlevelshistory  .mcop/                  .vendetta/
.fbhighscores         .miro/                  .viminfo
.fblevels/            .mixxxbpmscheme.xml     .vimrc
.fbrc                 .mixxx.cfg              .VirtualBox/
.fontconfig/          .mixxxmacros/           .vlc/
.fonts/               .MixxxMIDIBindings.xml  .vnc/
.fonts.conf           .mixxxtrack.xml         .w3m/
.gajim/               .mozilla/               .Wammu
.gconf/               .mplayer/               .wapi/
.gconfd/              .mysql_history          .windows-label
.gegl-0.0/            .mysticmine             .wine/
.gem/                 .netxrc                 .winetrickscache/
.gimp-2.6/            .nexuiz/                work/
.gitconfig            .ooo3/                  .Xauthority
.gnome/               .opera/                 .xim.template
.gnome2/              .osc_cookiejar          .xine/
.gnome2_private/      .oscrc                  .xsession-errors
.gnupg/               .profile                .y2usersettings
.google/              .psi/
.googleearth/         .psql_history

Out of 148 entries in my $HOME, there are only 12 of them I really want to see! How much nicer would it be, if it looked like this:

[stick@spectra 0 ~] ls -AF
Applications/  Documents/  public_html/    .signature-gmail
.config/       Downloads/  reverse-ssh*    .signature-suse
Desktop/       google.txt  .signature-gk2  work/

This is very simple to achieve, if only applications followed the XDG Base Directory Specification. Unfortunately, lots of them don’t. When you start using the following piece of code in your new awesome applications:

config = getenv("XDG_CONFIG_HOME")
if (!config) config = getenv("HOME") + "/.config"
config = config + "/my_awesome_app"

instead of the old-school one:

config = getenv("HOME") + "/.my_awesome_app"

users will gain two great advantages with nearly no extra effort:

  • trying application without overwriting the existing configuration XDG_CONFIG_HOME=/tmp/ my_awesome_app
  • maintaining multiple configurations of the same application XDG_CONFIG_HOME=~/.config/awesome3 my_awesome_app

So, please, don’t ignore the ugly duckling called $XDG_CONFIG_HOME, I’m sure it will mature into a beautiful swan. :)

Image with rounded corners (using CSS3)

W3C added nice new options for creating rounded corners of elements to their CSS3 working draft. Engines like Gecko, KHTML and WebKit already implemented these functions, but they use vendor prefixes in the keywords (-moz-border-radius, -khtml-border-radius and -webkit-border-radius respectively), because the feature is not yet fully standardized. That’s also the reason why Opera and Internet Explorer decided not to implement this extension for now.

I was playing with the rounded corners and I like this feature a lot, but I also hit one problem (in all 3 engines). When you use the border-radius with an img element, the image is drawn above the border, so it isn’t rounded (top example). Fortunately, the effect could be easily achieved by rounded div, setting its dimensions exactly to the image size and using the image as the div’s background (bottom example).

img

<img style="border: 2px solid black;
            border-radius: 30px;
            -moz-border-radius: 30px;
            -khtml-border-radius: 30px;
            -webkit-border-radius: 30px;"
            src="presov.jpg" />

img

<div style="border: 2px solid black;
            border-radius: 30px;
            -moz-border-radius: 30px;
            -khtml-border-radius: 30px;
            -webkit-border-radius: 30px;
            width: 180px;
            height: 240px;
            background: url('presov.jpg');" />

Update#1: I reported the issue to Gecko, KHTML and WebKit bugzillas.

Update#2: Dave Hyatt closed the WebKit bug with the comment: “This was fixed recently.” \o/

Popcorn - Popularity Contest (for RPM)

popcorn-128x128

A few days ago I came across Feature #305877. What is it about? Well, Debian has the Popularity Contest, which tracks installed packages, how often they are used and sends an anonymized report once a week to their server. This maps the usage of Debian packages and as a nice side effect Debian guys can estimate the size of their user base on various platforms and releases. This also gives information about the community structure (e.g. how many users use development tools or graphic applications). This would be a very neat thing to have in openSUSE too!

At first, the task seemed pretty straightforward - just to replace dpkg calls with corresponding calls to rpm. There was one catch, though. Because of the transactions, which RPM uses, scanning on my openSUSE 11.1 machine took 2 minutes instead of 2 seconds on Debian! That’s because RPM creates one transaction for each package and constant locking and unlocking of rpmdb makes this process really slow. I rewrote the script to python, just to see how long will it take using only one long transaction and was very pleasantly surprised that it got back to 2 seconds. :) Moreover, rpmdb can tell you the exact time when the package was installed, so there was no need to check for ctime for files inside the packages like Debian does. (We still have to check for files atime to determine whether the package is used or not, though).

For the server part I was pretty sure about writing it in C to have it very fast and responsive, because I want to process incoming requests on the fly. The problem was with the storage. At the beginning I thought about using SQLite, but after some testing I decided to use much lighter disk-based hashtables TDB from the Samba team, because they perfectly fitted my humble needs.

Has this caught your interest? You can dig through the code at gitorious and any help is deeply welcome!. Yes, and why popcorn? Because the original is called popcon, but everybody at work just kept calling it popcorn during the discussions. Later I found another reason: popcorn is intended for RPM packages, so we definitively need an extra R in the name. :D